Over the past few months, there has been a succession of changes in provisions of modern awards and the Fair Work Act relative to family and domestic violence. In this article, our aim is to provide you with a sense of how they come together and what that means in terms of your legal obligations and how to manage those.
Early this year, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) released a report “Family, domestic and sexual violence in Australia 2018” which told us that:
Family and domestic violence is the most significant social and welfare issue that we have in Australia and we can all do something about that.
Introduction of “Leave to deal with family and domestic violence” in modern awards
The significance of this issue is such that the Fair Work Commission deemed it necessary to insert “Leave to deal with family and domestic violence” provisions in all modern awards. In essence, this provides an entitlement of up to 5 days of unpaid leave per annum for employees regardless of their employment status ie whether they are full-time, part-time or casual, they are entitled to the full 5 days each year.
An employee may take unpaid leave to deal with family and domestic violence if the employee:
(a) is experiencing family and domestic violence; and
(b) needs to do something to deal with the impact of the family and domestic violence and it is impractical for the employee to do that thing outside their ordinary hours of work.
That leave entitlement for award-covered employees came into effect on 1 August 2018.
Extension of entitlement to non-award employees
On 12 December 2018, the Fair Work Amendment (Family and Domestic Violence Leave) Act 2018 took effect and essentially extended the modern award entitlement effective from that date.
So effectively that means that all employees now have access to this entitlement as follows:
Entitlement to unpaid leave
An employee is entitled to 5 days’ unpaid leave to deal with family and domestic violence, as follows:
(a) the leave is available in full at the start of each 12 month period of the employee’s employment; and
(b) the leave does not accumulate from year to year; and
(c) is available in full to part-time and casual employees.
- For existing award-covered employees and those who are subject to an agreement that incorporates the award, the entitlement takes effect from 1 August 2018
- For award-covered employees and those who are subject to an agreement that incorporates the award and who commenced employment after 1 August 2018, the entitlement takes effect from their date of commencement.
- For existing non-award employees and those who are subject to an enterprise agreement that doesn’t incorporate an award, the entitlement takes effect from 1 December 2018.
- For non-award employees and those who are subject to an enterprise agreement that doesn’t incorporate an award and who commenced employment after 1 December 2018, the entitlement takes effect from their date of commencement.
- All employee have the entitlement to 5 days per annum regardless of their employment status ie whether full-time, part-time or casual.
Interaction with new rules on Flexible Working Arrangements
We recently reported on these new rules.
Two of the categories of workers who have entitlements under these rules are:
- employees experiencing family or domestic violence; and
- employees caring for family members experiencing family or domestic violence.
Accordingly, we can expect that eligible employees like these might well seek both leave to deal with family and domestic violence and flexible working arrangements. Alternatively, because the leave is unpaid, people might be more likely to seek flexibility in working arrangements that allow them to maintain their income while varying their hours of work to meet their personal or family needs.
If these matters cannot be resolved at workplace level, they may well end up in the Fair Work Commission via the disputes resolution clause in a modern award or enterprise agreement.
Additionally, while these rules on flexible working arrangements technically apply only to award covered employees, it should be expected that they would be regarded as a procedural and fairness benchmark for dealing with requests from non-award employees.
Care should be taken to ensure that any workplace policies on any of the above are reviewed to reflect current minimum standards and benchmarks.
We will publish an article soon on what employers can do to genuinely and positively influence the incidence and impact of family and domestic violence and why you should be doing that. Stay tuned!